Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) is a non-surgical treatment that is given by the surgeon to cure supraventricular tachycardia in cardiology. It is performed under image guidance, like ultrasound and CT scan by a group of interventional radiologists. In fact, RFA is one of the most trusted treatment procedures for curing rapid heartbeats. The patient can feel safe and sound during this process, as it is a minimal invasive healing system. As per its use in cardiology, the energy producing needle is placed into the heart through catheter. The surgeon, first, traces an area of the heart to locate abnormal electrical activity. Then, he cures the fast heartbeat by passing mild electrode through the pathway in the heart to destroy infected heart muscle cells.
- Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia: It is defined as a fast heart rate, which instigates and ends suddenly. This, usually, originates in the heart tissue and ventricles.
- Atrial Flutter: It is an abnormal heart rhythm that occurs in atria of the heart. The Atria is defined as the blood chamber of the heart. This, initially, occurs as tachycardia and frequently degenerates into atrial fibrillation.
- Atrial Fibrillation: It is identified as a cardiac arrhythmia involving two upper chambers of the heart. In this problem, the heart beat don’t occur at normal intervals and there is an absence of “P waves” in an electrocardiogram.
- Ventricular Tachycardia: It is a fast heart rhythm that begins in one of the ventricles of the heart. It is a life threatening problem that may also cause sudden death. RFA is one of the most preferred treatments used to cure various irregular heart rates. The patients with this surgery can resume normal activities within few days. In fact, it runs a very low risk of complications.
The patients undergoing Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) would be asked to discontinue strenuous activities. You might also be asked to stay away from objects emitting magnetic resonance. A doctor may not carry out this surgery on patient with bad medical history. That patient might be required to adjust his medication before getting RFA. The women with premenopausal might be required to avoid ablation because of blood thinning medications used in the treatment. This will increase the menstrual bleeding.
Pre and Post Care:
Radio Frequency Ablation is used for treating mild arrhythmias. Patients would be asked to stop taking medication prior the surgery. Apart from this, you might also be asked to stop eating or drinking after midnight. Along with these pre-surgical cares, there are certain post surgical cares for keeping the patient away from further developing problems. The patients are taken to recovery room for monitoring bleeding and heart rhythm. Some of the patients might also be given pain medications.
Another thing given to the patients is blood thinning medication, so as to avoid blood clots after the surgery. On returning home, the patient would be asked to drink as much fluid as possible. The doctor might also ask the patient not to take on driving immediately after the surgery.
RFA is a minimal invasive surgery; still, it carries certain risks. Some of them are:
- Blood clots
- Infection or bruising around catheter
- Filling of air in the lungs or chest, requiring the use of chest tube
- Increase in body temperature